Knowledge and Practices of Students Regarding the Use of Face Masks to Limit the Spread of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Authors

  • Burhan Izzaddin Sabir Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Shahab Ahmad Sideeq Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Yousif Baker Omer Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Nasir Khadir Khalaf Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Sideeq Sadir Ali Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15218/ejnm.2022.01

Keywords:

Knowledge, Practice, Students, Face mask, Coronavirus

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Many countries are implementing face masks as part of their pandemic prevention strategies. Because the virus is so widespread, incorrect usage and disposal of masks can increase the transmission rate. The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge and practices of students in wearing facemask to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus (COVID-19).
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 365 undergraduate students at Hawler Medical University was conducted from June 15th to October 15th, 2021. The data was gathered through direct interviews using a questionnaire that had been modified include demographic information, ten questions about knowledge, and 17 questions about practices for using surgical face masks to reduce COVID-19 exposure.
Result: The result revealed that highest percentage of students were 18 to 20 years old (66.6%). Most of the participants in this study were female (59.5%). Participants demonstrated fair knowledge (N=218, 59.7%). Concerning the using surgical facemask to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and good practical knowledge (N=273, 74.8%). The highest levels of practical knowledge were related to wearing face masks in hospital premises to protect against COVID-19 (91.8%) and wearing masks in public spaces to protect against COVID-19 (87.1%).
Conclusion: The studied students had a poor understanding of how to utilize face masks. Enhancing one’s knowledge and appropriate use of face masks takes time and effort. It is necessary to implement massive education campaigns at the level of Hawler Medical University to increase the proportion of knowledge about COVID-19 and stop its spread.

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Published

2022-05-30

How to Cite

1.
Sabir BI, Sideeq SA, Omer YB, Khalaf NK, Ali SS. Knowledge and Practices of Students Regarding the Use of Face Masks to Limit the Spread of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). Erbil j. nurs. midwifery [Internet]. 2022 May 30 [cited 2022 Sep. 25];5(1):01-10. Available from: https://ejnm.hmu.edu.krd/index.php/ejnm/article/view/171

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Original Articles