Knowledge and Practices of Students Regarding the Use of Face Masks to Limit the Spread of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
Keywords:Knowledge, Practice, Students, Face mask, Coronavirus
Background and Objectives: Many countries are implementing face masks as part of their pandemic prevention strategies. Because the virus is so widespread, incorrect usage and disposal of masks can increase the transmission rate. The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge and practices of students in wearing facemask to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus (COVID-19).
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 365 undergraduate students at Hawler Medical University was conducted from June 15th to October 15th, 2021. The data was gathered through direct interviews using a questionnaire that had been modified include demographic information, ten questions about knowledge, and 17 questions about practices for using surgical face masks to reduce COVID-19 exposure.
Result: The result revealed that highest percentage of students were 18 to 20 years old (66.6%). Most of the participants in this study were female (59.5%). Participants demonstrated fair knowledge (N=218, 59.7%). Concerning the using surgical facemask to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and good practical knowledge (N=273, 74.8%). The highest levels of practical knowledge were related to wearing face masks in hospital premises to protect against COVID-19 (91.8%) and wearing masks in public spaces to protect against COVID-19 (87.1%).
Conclusion: The studied students had a poor understanding of how to utilize face masks. Enhancing one’s knowledge and appropriate use of face masks takes time and effort. It is necessary to implement massive education campaigns at the level of Hawler Medical University to increase the proportion of knowledge about COVID-19 and stop its spread.
Anikwe C, Ogah C, Anikwe I, Okorochukwu B, Ikeoha C. Coronavirus disease 2019: Knowledge, attitude, and practice of preg-nant women in a tertiary hospital in Aba-kaliki, southeast Nigeria. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2020;151(2):197-202.
Radonovich L, Simberkoff M, Bessesen M, Brown A, Cummings D, Gaydos C et al. N95 Respirators vs Medical Masks for Pre-venting Influenza Among Health Care Per-sonnel. JAMA. 2019;322(9):824.
Azlan A, Hamzah M, Sern T, Ayub S, Mo-hamad E. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: A cross-sectional study in Malaysia. PLOS ONE. 2020;15(5):e0233668.
Sohrabi C, Alsafi Z, O'Neill N, Khan M, Ker-wan A, Al-Jabir A et al. World Health Or-ganization declares global emergency: A review of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). International Journal of Sur-gery. 2020;76:71-76.
Olum R, Chekwech G, Wekha G, Nassozi D, Bongomin F. Coronavirus Disease-2019: Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Health Care Workers at Makerere Univer-sity Teaching Hospitals, Uganda. Frontiers in Public Health. 2020;8.
AHMAD, Imtiaz; ALTAF, Sehar; AHMAD, Hafiz M. Assessment of knowledge, prac-tice and barrier in use of facemasks among university students. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences, 2017, 11.4: 1657-58.
Lee L, Lam E, Chan C, Chan S, Chiu M, Chong W et al. Practice and technique of using face mask amongst adults in the community: a cross-sectional descriptive study. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1).
Wada K, Oka-Ezoe K, Smith D. Wearing face masks in public during the influenza season may reflect other positive hygiene practices in Japan. BMC Public Health. 2012;12(1).
Akan H, Gurol Y, Izbirak G, Ozdatlı S, Yilmaz G, Vitrinel A et al. Knowledge and attitudes of university students toward pandemic in-fluenza: a cross-sectional study from Turkey. BMC Public Health. 2010;10(1).
Alzoubi H, Alnawaiseh N, Al-Mnayyis A, Abu- Lubad M, Aqel A, Al-Shagahin H. COVID-19 - Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Medical and Non-Medical University Stu-dents in Jordan. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology. 2020;14(1):17-24.
Olum R, Chekwech G, Wekha G, Nassozi D, Bongomin F. Coronavirus Disease-2019: Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Health Care Workers at Makerere University Teach-ing Hospitals, Uganda. Frontiers in Public Health. 2020;8.
Joshi K, Madhura L, Jamadar D. Knowledge and awareness among nursing students re-garding the COVID-19: a cross sectional study. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health. 2020;7(7):2518. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20202536.
AHMAD, Imtiaz; ALTAF, Sehar; AHMAD, Hafiz M. Assessment of knowledge, practice and barrier in use of facemask among university students. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences, 2017, 11.4: 1657-58. doi:10.11622/smedj.2014037.
Ho HS. Use of face masks in a primary care outpatient setting in Hong Kong: knowledge, attitudes and practices. Public health. 2012 Dec 1;126(12):1001-6.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Burhan Izzaddin Sabir, Shahab Ahmad Sideeq, Yousif Baker Omer, Nasir Khadir Khalaf, Sideeq Sadir Ali (Author)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.