Psychological Distress in Diabetic and Myocardial Infarction Patients in Erbil City- Comparative Study

Authors

  • Mosleh Saber Kareem Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Muhammad Hasan Awla Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Dlzar Sadeeq Anwar Department of Midwifery, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Iman Saleh Azeez Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Sideeq Sadir Ali Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15218/ejnm.2023.20

Keywords:

Psychological Distress, Diabetes Mellitus, Myocardial Infarction, Patients

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Psychological distress refers to a range of negative emotional
experiences, such as anxiety, depression, and stress. Diabetes mellitus and myocardial
infarction are two medical conditions that can have a significant impact on an
individual's psychological well-being. Therefore, the study aimed to assess and compare
psychological distress among diabetes mellitus and myocardial infarction patients in Erbil
city.
Methods: A quantitative, comparative study design was conducted on 100 patients
whom 50 of them were diabetes mellitus patients at Layla Qasim Health Center and the
other 50 were myocardial infarction patients at the Cardiac Centre in Erbil city. The data
was collected from 20th April 2022 till 24th May 2023.
Results: The result showed that less than half of myocardial infarction patients were old
adults which is 42% between 57-68 years, married, illiterate and living in urban. On the
other hand, less than half of diabetes mellitus patients were middle-aged adults, which
is 42% between 45-56 years, married illiterate and living in urban. The ranges of the genders
are equal with 50% being male and 50% being female. Also, more than half of myocardial
infarction patients are non-smokers 52%, and 34% are smokers. In contrast, less
than half of diabetes mellitus patients are non-smokers, and 20% are smokers.
Conclusions: The majority of diabetic mellitus patients had a moderate level of depression.
At the same time, anxiety and stress were extremely severe, and most patients
with myocardial infarction had an extremely severe level of depression, anxiety and
stress.

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Published

2023-11-30

How to Cite

1.
Kareem MS, Awla MH, Anwar DS, Azeez IS, Ali SS. Psychological Distress in Diabetic and Myocardial Infarction Patients in Erbil City- Comparative Study. Erbil j. nurs. midwifery [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 30 [cited 2024 May 18];6(2):193-201. Available from: https://ejnm.hmu.edu.krd/index.php/ejnm/article/view/288

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