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Instructions for Authors


Dear Author/s,


Thank you very much for your interest in publishing with Erbil Journal of Nursing and Midwifery (EJNM).


Manuscript Preparation

The manuscript of EJNM should be typed in Microsoft-Word format as ‘normal text' of A4 size (29.7 x 21cm) paper in a single column format, one and a half spaced line. No artwork and/or special effects are acceptable for the text and/or table(s). Maintain a minimum of 2 cm margin on both sides of the text and a 3 cm margin at the top and bottom of each page. No part of the text other than abbreviations and/or subtitles shall be written in upper case (ALL CAPITAL). Header/footnotes, endnotes, lines drawn to separate the paragraphs or pages are not acceptable. Italics should not be used other than for foreign/Latin expressions and/or special terminologies such as names of microorganisms. Typing is with the normal, Times New Roman font with size12 throughout the manuscript including all the headings, subheadings, text, tables and legends (figures).

The manuscript should be paginated consecutively, commencing with the title page and should not exceed 4000 words for quantitative study and 7000 words for qualitative study (except abstract and references). However, longer manuscripts for review articles and qualitative studies can be considered. Main headings, introduction, subjects, and methods, etc., should be placed on separate lines. Key Words should be preferably MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms, and must not duplicate words already in the manuscript title; MeSH terms can be checked at or


Original Articles: 

Title page, Abstract (in structured format for original articles) between 200 -300 words, Keywords (maximum six), followed by Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, 3500 words (except abstract and references), Acknowledgement/s (if any), References, Legends to figures, Tables, and Figures.


Review Articles:

Title, Abstract of no more than 300 words, Keywords (maximum six), followed by Introduction, Methods/History (if applicable), Literature Review/Results, Discussion, Conclusion, up to 7000 words (except abstract and references), Acknowledgement/s (if any), References, Legends to figures, Tables, and Figures. Each section should begin on a new page.


Case Studies: 

Title page followed by Abstract (a summary of not more than 300 words), Key words, Introduction, Case history/report, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement/s (if any), References, Legends to figures, Tables, and Figures.


Title Page

The title page should be in a separated word file and include the following information:

    1. Full title of manuscript without Abbreviation
    2. Author(s) details: full name, job title, and affiliations with qualifications.
    3. Contact details for the corresponding author such as telephone number, mobile, e-mail address.
    4. Corresponding author denote by star sign.


Structured Abstract

A structured abstract should be between 200-300 words, accurately reflect the content of paper and should be stated under the headings: backgrounds and objectives (stating what is already known about this topic), methods (design, sample, analysis methods), results (do not report p-values, confidence intervals and other statistical parameters) and conclusions (stating what this study adds to the topic and relevance to clinical practice). It should not include references or abbreviations, keywords should be added (maximum six).


Headings and subheadings

Major headings such as methods, results and discussions should be typed bold in CAPITAL LETTERS and the left-hand margin. In studies with long and multiple stage methods subheadings such as samples, interventions, data analysis should appear typed bold at the left-hand margin with only the first letter of each word capitalized, additional subdivisions should be underlined only, otherwise no need for subheadings.



States the purpose of the study, its importance, question the paper intends to answer followed by objectives.



Includes the study design, the populations or samples, inclusion and exclusion criteria used to select the sample, sample size estimation technique, tool and method of data collection, validity and reliability, definitions such as for diagnostic criteria, laboratory and intervention procedures, ethical consideration and statistical analysis methods (no need to subheading except long methods). Provide the details only if the methods are original or essential for understanding, otherwise, provide references.



The pertinent findings in a logical sequence with tables, chart, figures, and photographs as necessary to clarify the findings. Tables should place after references in sequences.



Interpretation of results in the context of other research, or conceptual from works including conflicting evidence, the significance of the findings, limitation are stated, the applicability of conclusions and implications are clarified.



The research paper should end with a well-constructed conclusion/s, summarizing the main findings and evidence for the readers in one paragraph with main key points and one strong take-home message. 


All authors contributed to the study are specified in addition to authors accredited; sources of study funding, suppliers of materials should be named and included.


Ethical considerations

Author(s) are expected to mention about the approval of regional, national, institutional or independent Ethics Committee or Scientific Committee, obtaining assent for children aged over seven years participating in the trial. The journal will not consider any paper which is ethically unacceptable. A relevant statement on ethics committee permission and ethical practices must be included in all research articles under methods section. All manuscripts reporting the results of an experimental investigation involving human subject should include a statement confirming that informed consent was obtained from each subject or subject’s guardian, after approval of the experimental protocol by a local human ethics committee.



Transparency of real and potential conflicts of interests that authors may have should be mentioned, if authors have no conflict of interest to report, the following statement should be written:


The authors (s) report no conflict of interests.



Authors are required to state all sources of funding for the study.



The reference style of EJNM is Vancouver. The author(s) is/are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the references and correct textual citation. Please refer to reference citations and listings in the text for proper format. Each piece of work which is cited in the text should have a unique number, assigned in the order of citation in the square brackets. Once a reference is cited, all subsequent citations should be to the original number. Where available, the DOI numbers to all the references listed in the reference list should be added. Minimum number of references is 15 and maximum 40. Use the style of the examples given below in listing the references:


Journal article

Arrami M, Garner H. A tale of two citations.Nature. 2008;451(7177): 397–399.


Ramalho R, Helffrich G, Schmidt DN, Vance D. Tracers of uplift and subsidence in the Cape Verde archipelago. Journal of the Geological Society. 2010;167(3): 519–538. Available from: doi:10.1144/0016-76492009-056 [Accessed: 14th June 2015].



Watkins PJ. ABC of Diabetes. 5th ed. London: Blackwell Publishing; 2003.


Simons NE, Menzies B, Matthews M. A Short Course in Soil and Rock Slope Engineering. London: Thomas Telford Publishing; 2001.


Pears R, Shields G. Cite them right: the essential referencing guide. 3rd ed. Durham: Pear Tree Books; 2008.



Goldacre B. Dore – the media’s miracle cure for dyslexia. Bad Science.Weblog. Available from: [Accessed 19th June 2015].


GoldacreB.Trivial Disputes.Bad Science.Weblog. Available from: [Accessed 19th June 2015].



Department of Health.Living well with dementia: a national dementia strategy. Available from: [Accessed 4th June 2015].


Smith A. Making mathematics count: the report of Professor Adrian Smith’s inquiry into post‑14 mathematics education. London: The Stationery Office; 2004.

Tables and Figures


Tables should be self-explanatory. All tables must have a title placed above the table. Identify tables with Arabic numbers; the word Table should be bold and Capitalized the first letter. Cite each table in the text in the order in which it appears. No borderlines or gridlines should be shown on the tables except the top and bottom lines of table headings and the bottom line of the table as shown in the below example

Table 1: Demographic characteristics of the participants












Age group

    ≤20 years



    > 20 years







Figures and illustrations

All figures must have a title placed below the figure. All figures with Arabic numbers (e.g. Figure 1: Gender variations). Cite each figure in the text in the order in which it is to appear. Charts and drawings must be professionally done, duly titled and submitted in Excel format as separate files. When charts are submitted, the numerical data on which they were based should be supplied.

Abbreviations, numbers and units


Except for units of measurement, abbreviations should be defined on first use and then applied consistently throughout the article. Non-standard abbreviations or those appearing fewer than three times are not accepted. Use abbreviated units of measure, only when used with numbers.

Numbers and Units

Measurements of length, height, weight and volume must be reported in metric units (meter, kilogram, liter, etc.) or their decimal multiples. The temperature should be given in degrees Celsius. Blood pressure in mm Hg, and hematological and biochemical measurements in International (IU) units. Use a comma for numbers > 10,000 and do not use a comma for numbers <9999, (e.g., 6542).

Name of Drugs

Non-proprietary (generic) names of the product should be employed. If a brand name for a drug is used, the British or international non-proprietary (approved) name should be given in parentheses. The source of any new or experimental preparation should also be given.

Submission of a manuscript

Submission should be made online through the online submission system.



Erbil Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

PO Box: 36 – 0383 Center

College of Nursing

Hawler Medical University

Erbil, Iraq.

E-mail: [email protected]

Website: Erbil Journal of Nursing & Midwifery



Erbil Journal & IT:     00964 (0) 751 292 4001

Associated editor:    00964 (0) 750 447 8625

Assistant editor 1:     00964 (0) 750 449 2107

Assistant editor 2:     00964 (0) 750 448 8180, (0) 770 448 8180


Evaluation fee is 150,000 ID submitted with the paper. This is not paid back to the author in case the paper is rejected.