Knowledge and Attitude of Pregnant Women towards Antenatal Exercise in Erbil City
Background and objective: Antenatal exercises provide many health benefits not only to pregnant mothers but also to the fetuses. In the absence of medical or obstetrical complications, pregnant women are encouraged to continue and maintain active lifestyles during their pregnancies. The objective of this study is to assess knowledge and attitude of pregnant women towards antenatal exercises.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess mother's knowledge and attitudes regarding exercise during pregnancy. The convenience sample of the study included 100 pregnant women. The study was conducted in Najdi Heydari Health Care Center in Erbil City / Kurdistan region / Iraq from December 2016 to Feb, 2017. Data were collected by interview with the pregnant women. A questionnaire was constructed to collect the data by researchers. A statistical package for social science (SPSS, version20) was used for data analysis the data. All statistical procedures were tested on a probability of P-value was ≤ 0.05 significant.
Results: The majority of the study sample had poor overall knowledge regarding antenatal exercises (93%), Interest in attending antenatal exercise classes 80%, the barrier to attend antenatal exercise 79% during pregnancy. There was very highly significant relationship between the pregnant women’s educational level and overall knowledge regarding exercise during pregnancy.
Conclusion: The knowledge of women about exercise during pregnancy was less than average and women do not believe in the positive effect of exercises during pregnancy. The main reason for poor knowledge was inadequate antenatal exercise education. It is recommended that the apply antenatal exercise education teaching program is important to in-crease pregnant women’s knowledge regarding to exercise during pregnancy and change their believe regarding antenatal exercises.
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