Effect of a Health Educational Program on Patients Knowledge regarding Heart Failure: A Quasi-Experimental Study
Backgrounds and objective: Heart failure is a major public health problem in the world with a significant load of disease on population and the individual, this burden of disease can be measured in terms of mortality, readmission rate, and healthcare costs. Adequate knowledge about the disease is an effective strategy to prevent further disease complication. The study aimed to determine the effect of a health education program on heart failure patients regarding their disease through a pre-post-test approach.
Methods: A quasi-experimental study with the application of pre and post-test approach for both the study and control group at Hawler Teaching Hospital, Rizgary Teaching Hospital and Rojhalat Hospital on patients with heart failure. A non-probability purposive sampling technique used on 400 heart failure patients chosen to include in the study. The study samples were divided into two groups; 200 patients as a study group and exposed to the health education program, and the other 200 patients were not exposed to the health education program and considered as the control group. The measurement of the effectiveness of a health education program through the knowledge assessment includes six main domains like General information, risk factors, causes, clinical manifestation, diagnosis, and management of heart failure. Statistical data analysis achieved through descriptive and inferential data analysis.
Results: The results indicated that a health education program was effective among patients regarding management heart failure. It also indicates that there is good improvement with highly significant differences in study group between pre and post-test, in over-all items.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the educational program is an appropriate and effective way to improve the patient's knowledge about heart failure.
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